Tamilnadu State Board New Syllabus Samacheer Kalvi 12th Business Maths Guide Pdf Chapter 8 Sampling Techniques and Statistical Inference Ex 8.3 Text Book Back Questions and Answers, Notes.

## Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 12th Business Maths Solutions Chapter 8 Sampling Techniques and Statistical Inference Ex 8.3

Choose the correct Answer:

Question 1.

A ……………… may be finite or infinite according as the number of observation or items in it is finite or infinite

(a) Population

(b) census

(c) parameter

(d) none of these

Solution:

(a) population

Question 2.

A …………….. of statistical individuals in a population is called a sample.

(a) Infinite set

(b) finite subset

(c) finite set

(d) entire set

Solution:

(b) finite subset

Question 3.

A finite subset of statistical individuals in a population is called ………………

a) a sample

(b) a population

(c) universe

(d) census

Solution:

(a) a sample

Question 4.

Any statistical measure computed from sample data is known as ……………..

(a) Parameter

(b) random sample

(c) Infinite measure

(d) uncountable

Solution:

(b) random sample

Question 5.

A ………………. is one where each item in the universe has an equal chance of known opportu¬nity of being selected

(a) Parameter

(b) random sample

(c) statistic

(d) entire data

Solution:

(b) random sample

Question 6.

A random sample is a sample selected in such a way that every item in the population has an equal chance of being included

(a) Harper

(b) fisher

(c) karl pearson

(d) Dr. yates

Solution:

(a) Harper

Question 7.

Which one of the following is probability sampling

(a) Purposive sampling

(b) judgement sampling

(c) sample random sampling

(d) Convenience sampling

Solution:

(c) sample random sampling

Question 8.

In simple random sampling of drawing any unit, the probability of drawing any unit at the draw is ?

(a) \(\frac { n }{N}\)

(b) \(\frac { 1 }{N}\)

(c) \(\frac { N }{n}\)

(d) n

Solution:

(b) \(\frac { 1 }{N}\)

Question 9.

In ……………. the heterogeneous groups divided into homogeneous groups

(a) Non-probability sample

(b) a sample random sample

(c) a stratified random sample

(d) Systematic sample

Solution:

(c) a stratified random sample

Question 10.

Errors in sampling are of

(a) Two types

(b) three types

(c) four types

(d) five types

Solution:

(a) Two types

Question 11.

The method of obtaining the most likely value of the population parameter using statistic is called

(a) estimate

(b) estimate

(c) biased estimate

(d) standard error

Solution:

(d) standard error

Question 12.

An estimator is a sample statistic used to estimate a

(a) population parameter

(b) biased estimate

(c) sample size

(d) census

Solution:

(a) population parameter

Question 13.

…………… is a relative property, which states that one estimate is efficient relative to another.

(a) efficiency

(b) sufficiency

(c) unbiased

(d) consistency.

Solution:

(a) efficiency

Question 14.

If probability p[|\(\bar { θ }\) – θ|< ∈|< ∈|] 1 → µ as n → α for any positive then \(\bar { θ }\) is said to estimator of θ

(a) efficient

(b) sufficient

(c) unbiased

(d) consistent

Solution:

(d) Consistent

Question 15.

An estimator is said to be ………….. if it contains all the information in the data about the parameter it estimates.

(a) efficient

(b) sufficient

(c) unbiased

(d) consistent

Solution:

(b) sufficient

Question 16.

An estimate of a population parameter given by two numbers between which the parameter would be expected to lie called an ………….. interval estimate of the parameter

(a) point estimate

(b) interval estimate

(c) standard error

(d) confidence

Solution:

(b) interval estimate

Question 17.

A ……………… is a statement or an assertion about the population parameter

(a) hypothesis

(b) statistic

(c) sample

(d) census

Solution:

(a) hypothesis

Question 18.

Type I error is

(a) Accept H_{0} when it is true

(b) Accept H_{0} when it is false

(c) Reject H_{0} when it is true

(d) Reject H_{0} when it is false

Solution:

(c) Reject H_{0} when it is true

Question 19.

Type II error is?

(a) Accept H_{0} when it is wrong

(b) Accept H_{0} when it is when it is true

(c) Reject H_{0} when it is true

(d) Reject H_{0} when it is false

Solution:

(a) Accept H_{0} when it is wrong

Question 20.

The standard error of sample mean is?

(a) \(\frac { σ }{\sqrt{2n}}\)

(b) \(\frac { σ }{n}\)

(c) \(\frac { σ }{√n}\)

(d) \(\frac { σ^2 }{√n}\)

Solution:

(c) \(\frac { σ }{√n}\)