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Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Algebra Ex 3.16

1. In the write (i) The number of elements
(ii) The order of the matrix
(iii) Write the elements a22, a23, a24, a34, a43, a44.
(i) The number of elements is 16
(ii) The order of the matrix is 4 × 4
(iii) Elements corresponds to  Question 2.
If a matrix has 18 elements, what are the possible orders it can have? What if it has 6 elements?
The possible orders of the matrix having 18 elements are The possible orders of the matrix having 6 elements are Question 3.
Construct a 3 × 3 matrix whose elements are given by
(i) aij = |i – 2j|
aij = |i – 2j|
The general 3 × 3 matrices is a11 = |1 – 2(1)| = |1 – 2| = | – 1| = 1
a12 = |1 – 2(2)| = |1 – 4| = | – 3| = 3
a13 = |1 – 2(3)| = |1 – 6| = | – 5| = 5
a21 = |2 – 2(1)| = |2 – 2| = 0 = 0
a22 = |2 – 2(2)| = |2 – 4| = | – 2| = 2
a23 = |2 – 2(3)| = |2 – 6| = | – 4| = 4
a31 = |3 – 2(1)| = |3 – 2| = | 1 | = 1
a32 = |3 – 2(2)| = |3 – 4| = | – 1 | = 1
a33 = |3 – 2(3)| = |3 – 6| = | – 3 | = 3
The required matrix  (ii) aij = $$\frac{(i+j)^{3}}{3}$$
a11 = $$\frac{(1+1)^{3}}{3}$$ = $$\frac{2^{3}}{3}$$ = $$\frac { 8 }{ 3 }$$
a12 = $$\frac{(1+2)^{3}}{3}$$ = $$\frac { 27 }{ 3 }$$ = 9
a13 = $$\frac{(1+3)^{3}}{3}$$ = $$\frac { 64 }{ 3 }$$ = $$\frac { 64 }{ 3 }$$
a21 = $$\frac{(2+1)^{3}}{3}$$ = $$\frac { 27 }{ 3 }$$ = 9
a22 = $$\frac{(2+2)^{3}}{3}$$ = $$\frac { 64 }{ 3 }$$ = $$\frac { 64 }{ 3 }$$
a23 = $$\frac{(2+3)^{3}}{3}$$ = $$\frac { 125 }{ 3 }$$ = $$\frac { 125 }{ 3 }$$
a31 = $$\frac{(3+1)^{3}}{3}$$ = $$\frac { 64 }{ 3 }$$ = $$\frac { 64 }{ 3 }$$
a32 = $$\frac{(3+2)^{3}}{3}$$ = $$\frac { 125 }{ 3 }$$ = $$\frac { 125 }{ 3 }$$
a33 = $$\frac{(3+3)^{3}}{3}$$ = $$\frac { 216 }{ 3 }$$ = 72
The required matrix  Question 4.
If then find the tranpose of A. transpose of A = (AT) Question 5.
If then find the tranpose of – A Transpose of – A = (-AT) =  Question 6.
If A = then verify (AT)T = A Hence it is verified

Question 7.
Find the values of x, y and z from the following equations
(i) Since the given matrices are equal then all the corresponding elements are equal.
y = 12, z = 3, x = 3
The value of x = 3, y = 12 and z = 3 (ii) x + y = 6 ……(1)
5 + z = 5
z = 5 – 5 = 0
xy = 8
y = $$\frac { 8 }{ x }$$
Substitute the value of y = $$\frac { 8 }{ x }$$ in (1)
x + $$\frac { 8 }{ x }$$ = 6
x2 + 8 = 6x
x2 – 6x + 8 = 0
(x – 4) (x – 2) = 0
∴ x – 4 = 0 or x – 2 = 0
x = 4 or x = 2
y = $$\frac { 8 }{ 4 }$$ = 2 or y = $$\frac { 8 }{ 2 }$$ = 4 ∴ The value of x, y and z are 4, 2, 0 (or) 2, 4, 0 (iii) Solution:
x + y + z = 9 ……….(1)
x + z = 5 ……….(2)
y + z = 7 ……….(3) Substitute the value of y = 4 in (3)
y + z = 7
4 + z = 7
z = 7 – 4
= 3
Substitute the value of z = 3 in (2)
x + 3 = 5
x = 5 – 3
= 2
∴ The value of x = 2 , y = 4 and z = 3